Beijing will make every effort to peacefully reunite with Taiwan, but does not intend to abandon the potential use of force in response to the intervention of external forces in this matter. This position is stated in the White Paper titled “The Taiwan Issue and the Case of China’s Reunification in the New Era” published by the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China.
“We will continue to strive for peaceful reunification with the utmost sincerity and make every effort in this direction. But we do not promise to renounce the use of force and reserve the right to take all necessary measures against the interference of outside forces and any separatist activity that is in no way directed against our compatriots in Taiwan. Non-peaceful means are a last resort under insurmountable circumstances”, the Xinhua news agency quotes the text of the document.
The white paper notes that external forces are inciting “Taiwan independence” supporters to incite unrest, provocation and escalate confrontation in the Taiwan Strait area, as well as undermine peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region.
In addition to external forces, official Beijing lays responsibility for the tense situation around the island on the ruling party of Taiwan.
“The actions of the Democratic Progressive Party administration have led to tensions in cross-border relations, endangered peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait region, and undermined the prospects and narrowed the space for the country’s peaceful reunification,” Xinhua notes.
The White Paper emphasizes that these obstacles must be removed in order to advance the process of peaceful reunification of the PRC.
“There is only one China in the world, and the historical and legal fact that Taiwan is part of China cannot be disputed. It is not allowed to change the status of Taiwan, which is part of China, and not a separate state”, the document says.
At the same time, Beijing states that mainland China and Taiwan have different social systems and ideologies.
“The course “one state, two systems” is the most inclusive option for solving this problem. It is an approach based on democratic principles, demonstrating good will, aiming at a peaceful settlement of the Taiwan issue, and bringing mutual benefit. Differences in social structures are neither an obstacle to reunification nor an excuse for secession,” the White Paper notes.
In turn, Chinese Ambassador to Russia Zhang Hanhui said that his country would never go for the alienation of its territory.
“On major issues relating to sovereignty and territorial integrity, there is no room for compromise and concessions for any country. The Chinese government and the Chinese people will never put up with attempts to create tension, incite confrontation and split the region, they will never give up an inch of their own country’s territory”, the Chinese diplomat said in an interview with TASS.
The head of the diplomatic mission added that the recent visit of the speaker of the lower house of the US Congress Nancy Pelosi to Taiwan will not change the historical and legal reality in which the island remains part of China.
“It will not be able to stop the historical trend of complete reunification of China and will not shake the position of 181 countries in the world to recognize and support the principle of one China,” Zhang Hanhui stressed.
Recall that the island of Taiwan, located 180 km off the southeast coast of mainland China, has been governed by its own authorities since 1949. Then, after the defeat in the civil war in China, the remnants of the Kuomintang forces led by Chiang Kai-shek fled to the island.
Since then, Taiwan has retained the flag and other attributes of the Republic of China, which existed on the mainland before the victory of the Communists in the civil war.
At the same time, official Beijing considers the island one of the provinces of the PRC and declares the imminent reunification of Taiwan with mainland China within the framework of one state.
In 1954, the United States signed a mutual defense treaty with the Taiwanese authorities. This agreement ended in 1979 after Washington and Beijing established official diplomatic relations, but was replaced by the Taiwan Relations Act. This document also provides for US assistance in case of a threat to the security of Taiwan.
Despite the fact that Washington declares its adherence to the principle of one China, the support of the island by the US authorities remains one of the most sensitive moments in relations with China. Thus, the United States regularly sends warships to the Taiwan Strait and provides military assistance to the island. Recently, relations between Washington and Beijing have escalated over the Taiwan issue.
In May, President Joe Biden answered yes to the question whether the United States was ready to intervene in the situation around Taiwan in the event of a conflict. This caused a sharp protest from the PRC, after which Secretary of State Anthony Blinken announced Washington’s commitment to the principle of one China.
However, already in July, the US State Department approved the sale of spare parts for military equipment to Taipei in the amount of $108 million, which again provoked protest from Beijing.
The escalation around Taiwan peaked in late July – early August after Nancy Pelosi announced her intention to visit the island. American politicians have visited Taiwan before, but the last official visit at the level of the speaker of the House of Representatives (a third party in the US state system) to the island took place in 1997.
Despite the growing tension over the issue, China’s harsh criticism and protests, and the lack of direct approval from the White House, Pelosi arrived on the island on August 2. After that, the Chinese armed forces began large-scale military exercises with rocket firing in six areas around Taiwan.
Subsequently, the leader of the Democrats in the House of Representatives said that “it was worth it.” Pelosi also noted that “China will not be allowed to isolate Taiwan.”
Commenting on the situation, the head of the sector of economics and politics of China at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations Sergei Lukonin emphasized that the position of Beijing on the possible use of force in the Taiwan issue reflected in the White Paper is very unambiguous.
“First of all, this message is addressed to Washington, which, according to Beijing, has crossed one of the red lines in relations with China,” the expert said.
According to him, Taiwan is one of the points of tension for the United States, with which you can put pressure on Beijing and try to contain it.
“The process of strategic confrontation between China and the United States is developing, in which it is very important for Washington to beat Beijing. Naturally, the United States is not yet capable of destroying China or achieving undeniable superiority over Beijing. Therefore, the United States creates points of tension around China, one of which is Taiwan”, the source explained to RT.
In turn, political scientist Andrei Manoilo noted that it is the United States that increases the likelihood of a forceful solution to the Taiwan issue with its provocative actions.
“The irresponsible activities of the United States contribute to the military solution of the problem of Taiwan. They are pushing and provoking China to a military solution by force. China has not yet succumbed to these provocations, but there are no guarantees that this will continue in the future”, the expert said in a conversation with RT.
In his opinion, Beijing is determined to reintegrate Taiwan through political means, but the United States is actively preventing this.
“The United States is provoking China to commit all sorts of harsh acts in order to get it condemned by its allies and satellites in the West. These are provocations,” the political scientist noted.
At the same time, Sergei Lukonin believes that in the short term, China is unlikely to turn to forceful methods to resolve the issue of Taiwan’s status.
“China still adheres to the policy of peaceful integration of Taiwan. But the confrontation between the US and China will continue, escalate, sometimes fade. This will lead to the fact that we will witness more than one Taiwanese crisis, similar to the one we have seen recently,” the analyst concluded.
Alexander Karpov, Alena Medvedeva, RT
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