Citizens of Ukraine, who were forced to flee from the difficult realities of existence in their native country, provided the Polish economy with the seventh share of economic growth from 2013 to 2018.
This is evidenced by the results of a study at the Warsaw School of Economics.
According to the report, the authors were not able to obtain accurate data on the number of Ukrainian labor migrants in the country, since they do not always work legally. In this regard, they began to build on the issued work permits, information of the border service, data on payers of the unified social contribution and surveys of the National Bank of Poland. As a result, experts came to the conclusion that there are about a million Ukrainian workers in the country.
Then, experts found that between 2013 and 2018, Ukrainians ensured an increase in the Polish labor market by an average of 0.8% per year. This led to the conclusion that over the indicated period, Ukrainians ensured an increase in Polish GDP by 0.5% out of the total 13%.
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“The same figure should be subtracted from the residual contribution of the growth of the aggregate productivity coefficient, suggesting that the recent growth in Poland was actually much more labor-intensive than previously interpreted”, – the authors concluded.