The party of Indian PM Narendra Modi faced tough opposition as it made another attempt to push through a bill that would criminalize divorcing a woman by saying the word ‘talaq’ three times.

The draft legislation, known as the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, was tabled by Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad at a session of the new parliament on Friday as lawmakers gathered for the first time since the BJP party claimed a landslide victory in May’s general elections, winning 303 seats in the 545-member lower house.

“This is not a question of religion but about justice to women. This is a question of dignity of women and we are committed to protect it,” the minister said, as he threw his weight behind the contentious legislation.

The bill envisions a jail sentence of up to three years and a fine for men who divorce their wives by invoking an Islamic practice known as the ‘triple talaq,’ which has been outlawed in India since August.

Despite being confirmed as illegal by the Supreme Court, the ‘triple talaq’ has remained widely used, with Prasad reporting on Friday that over 200 cases have been registered since it was banned.

The motion to introduce the bill drew scathing criticism from the Indian National Congress and other opposition parties, but was passed with 187 votes against 74 in the lower house, with many MPs abstaining.

The vote was preceded by heated exchanges among members, with Congress MP Shashi Tharoor calling the bill “discriminatory.” The lawmaker argued that it “does nothing to protect Muslim women but punishes Muslim men.” Tharoor said that he believed the law to be one-sided, as it exclusively focuses on Muslim husbands “but exempts other men who desert their families without taking responsibility.”

Tags: ; ;