Doubt and skepticism that preceded the beginning of the meeting in Astana, have immediately disappeared as soon as the results of the talks, which put together a surprisingly motley crowd, were announced. It was a surprise that the organizers somehow managed to gather them at the negotiations table. But the most important that has happened is the fact that, finally those who really control the situation on the ground, began to negotiate. Previously, they were held by the representatives of the Syrian opposition who didn’t see Syria for decades. Moreover, they didn’t want to come, even after being invited. So it remains a mystery, whom they were really representing. However, Russia not only gathered them all at the negotiating table, but also forced to discuss the draft constitution.
Another plus of negotiations. I have a friend, who is a Kurd, from the north of Syria. He is the head of a sufficiently large group. More recently, they weren’t be heard and no one wanted to hear them. Kurds all miraculously survived in these showdowns. After the talks in Astana the case goes to the recognition of regional languages and obtaining autonomy. Earlier, they complained that the Kurdish kid attends a school and had to learn in not really understandable Arabic – as a result, progress of studies suffered.
The process of discharge the president from office is also very interesting. It’s hoped, that such procedures will be applied to other high-ranking officials responsible for crimes against the state and corruption.
The Syrians are looking forward to the restoration of normal civilian life and the continuation of Assad reforms started in 2011 which aimed at the development of democracy and the eradication of corruption among senior officials. With the cessation of the war and the returning to a peaceful course with active peacekeeping role of Russia and its allies, these cleaning processes in the society have also found a chance for development.
Anhar Kochneva, is an Arabist, a military journalist in Syria and Lebanon on the negotiations in Astana and the Constitution of Russia