The Russian president has ordered his navy deployed in the Mediterranean to work directly with their French counterparts.

 

They will be in “direct contact” with the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle and will “cooperate with their French allies”,Vladimir Putin said, after a phone conversation with François Hollande.

 

We need to establish a direct link with the French and work with them as we do with our allies.

 

Separately, Germany’s foreign minister has ruled out taking part in any airstrikes in Syria.

 

“It doesn’t make sense if we add to the 16 nations which are carrying out air attacks,” Frank-Walter Steinmeier said.

 

Steinmeier said Germany’s decision to provide weapons and military equipment to Kurdish fighters battling Isis in northern Iraq “was the right strategy”.